“I AM THE BLUES”
Willie Dixon, in full William James Dixon was born July 1, 1915 in Vicksburg, Miss., and later died Jan. 29, 1992 in Burbank, Calif. An American blues musician who, as record producer, bassist, and prolific songwriter, exerted a major influence on the post World War II Chicago style.
Dixon’s mother wrote religious poetry, and he sang in a gospel quartet before moving to Chicago in 1936. The following year he won the Illinois Golden Glove amateur heavyweight boxing championship. He began playing the double bass in 1939 and worked extensively with the Big Three Trio (1946–52). When that group started to separate, he began working full-time for Chess Records, serving as a house bassist and arranger on recording sessions. Dixon’s upbeat blues compositions, which he sold for as little as $30, helped pushed the Chicago blues sound of the 1950s.
His well best-known songs are “I’m Your Hoochie Coochie Man” and “I’m Ready,” written for Muddy Waters; “Little Red Rooster” and “Back Door Man,” for Howlin’ Wolfe; “My Babe,” for Little Walter; “Bring It on Home,” for the second Sonny Boy Williamson (Alex “Rice” Miller); and “The Seventh Son” and “Wang Dang Doodle.” In the late 1950s he worked with the short-lived Cobra label; in the 1960s he began touring Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival and formed the Chicago Blues All-Stars, which traveled widely throughout the United States and Europe. Rock performers such as the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, and Led Zeppelin recorded his songs. He was the founder of the Blues Heaven Foundation, a nonprofit organization designed to benefit poor blues performers and provide scholarships to young musicians. His autobiography is entitled
I Am the Blues (1989).